Use the submenu to explore the different taxonomic levels for fungi: Phylum > Class > Order > Family > Genus > Species. If you are looking for a particular genus or species, or other taxon (such as a family), you can use the search box above.
Kingdom Fungi, the true fungi, comprises the mushrooms, rusts, smuts, sac fungi, yeasts, molds, and also groups of microscopic fungi. Many mushrooms are found in the Phylum Basidiomycota while morels, cup fungi, and most lichens belong to the Phylum Ascomycota. There are nine or more phyla (divisions) and assorted odd microscopic fungi in the kingdom.
The fungus-like organisms that are not included in Kingdom Fungi are the slime molds (Mycetozoa) and the water molds (Oomycetes).
- Ascomycota: morels, cup fungi, flask fungi, most lichens, yeasts, molds
- Basidiomycota: mushrooms, rusts, smuts
- Glomeromycota: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
- zygomycotan fungi (previously Trichomycetes and Zygomycetes)
- Phylum Microsporidia (spore-forming unicellular parasites, previously thought to be protists)
Bot. Mar. 23(6): 371 (1980)
Type: none designated
Plant Life: 4 (1830)
Type: none designated
in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Teil. I (Leipzig) 2: 1 (1888)
Type: not listed
- One apparent publication for Kingdom Fungi is R. T. Moore (1980), Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts, Botanica Marina 23: 361–373.
Index Fungorum does not indicate which of 3 publications is preferred.
Fungi (L.) R.T.Moore. MycoBank uses
Fungi Bartling (1830). [These are as of December 2018.]
- Eumycota and Mycota are sometimes listed as alternate names for Kingdom Fungi, but according to MycoBank these were both published at the level of Division.
- The classifications on this website for phylum, class, order, and family follow the best sources or publications I can find. The higher level classification (in most cases), follow McLaughlin and Spatafora (2014). For the ascomycetes it follows Lumbsch and Huhndorf (2010), which outlines Phylum down to genus.
- Related links:
- McLaughlin, D. J. and J. W. Spatafora, Eds. 2014. Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. Springer Verlag. [complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
- McLaughlin, D. J. and J. W. Spatafora, Eds. 2015. Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part B. Springer Verlag.
- Lumbsch, H.T. & S.H. Huhndorf. 2010. Myconet Volume 14. Part One. Outline of Ascomycota—2009. Part Two. Notes on Ascomycete Systematics. Nos. 4751–5113. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences Number 1:1-64. PDF 1.13 MB
- Tree of Life (2012) ; Wikipedia.
- Taxon links:
- 90154 Index Fungorum. MycoBank and Index Fungorum do not indicate which entry is valid for Kingdom Fungi. The citation I used above is from Wikipedia.