Order Auriculariales J. Schröt.

[one of 5 groups of jelly fungi]

This order contains many genera and the family limits are unsettled. Most of these are jelly fungi with variously septate basidia (at least one genus non-septate). Not all genera are listed below.

  1. Aporpiaceae (Aporpium)
  2. Auriculariaceae (Auricularia, Eichleriella, Exidia, Exidiopsis, Heterochaete, Hirneolina, Tremellochaete)
  3. Heteroscyphaceae (Heteroscypha)
  4. Hyaloriaceae (Hyaloria, Myxarium)
  5. Oliveoniaceae (Oliveonia, Sebacinella)
  6. Unplaced: Amphistereum, Basidiodendron, Bourdotia, Ductifera, Elmerina, Guepinia, Heteroradulum, Protomerulius, Pseudohydnum, Sclerotrema, Stypella

Taxon Details and Links

Nomenclature
  • Auriculariales J. Schröt., Krypt.-Fl. Schlesien: 382 (1897). Type: Auricularia Bull. 1780.
Taxonomy
Auricularia has transversely septate basidia. Ductifera and Exidia have longitudinally septate basidia. Myxarium was resurrected out of Exidia. The family Auriculariaceae includes Exidiaceae and may be expanded to include the Aporpiaceae as well. Several other clades (one including Ductifera) lack family names.
Tremellodendropsis, with basidia that are partially and secondarily longitudinally septate, has been moved to its own order Tremellodendropsidales.
Tree of Life (2008)
Wikipedia
Hibbett, D. S., R. Bauer, M. Binder, A.J. Giachini, K. Hosaka, A. Justo, E. Larsson, K.H. Larsson, J.D. Lawrey, O. Miettinen, L. Nagy, R.H. Nilsson, M. Weiss, and R.G. Thorn. 2014. Agaricomycetes. Pp. 373–429 In: Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. (D. J. McLaughlin and J. W. Spatafora, Eds.), Springer Verlag. [Chapter 14 and complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Malysheva, V., V. Spirin. 2017. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Auriculariales (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) with stereoid basidiocarps. Fungal Biology 121(8): 689-715. DOI: 10.1016/j.funbio.2017.05.001
Weiss, M. and Oberwinkler, F. O. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in Auriculariales and related groups-hypotheses derived from nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycological Research 105:403-415. DOI: 10.1017/S095375620100363X
MycoBank
Index Fungorum


Cite this page as: Leacock, P.R. (2018 Dec 14). Auriculariales - MycoGuide. Retrieved from http://www.mycoguide.com/guide/fungi/basi/agar/auri

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