Ceriporia spissa (Schwein. ex Fr.) Rajchenb.

[Poria spissa]

Name
orange poria, orange waxpore (Leacock).
Etymology
Epithet = dense, thick or compact. Genus = horn-pore.
Fruitbody
Annual effused poroid crust, spreading over wide area; up to 3 mm thick. Brightly colored orange, reddish orange to brownish orange, drying reddish brown. Margin pale and matted mycelioid. Texture cheesy or rubbery, can peel or scrape off the log. Pores very small at 7 to 8 per mm. Microscopic characters: generative hyphae with clamps, cystidioles absent; spores narrowly allantoid (curved), small, 3.5–4.5 × 1–2 µm.
Similar species
Most similar pored crusts in the Midwest have different coloration, larger pores, or different spores. Meruliopsis taxicola is reddish to dark purple with a broad white margin; pores angular, 2 - 4 per mm; clamps absent, spores 4.5–6 × 1–2 µm; typically on conifers. Ceriporia punicans has pore surface even, white or pale pink in fresh condition, orange to pinkish orange when dry, with vinaceous red stains when bruised; spores are 4–5.5 × 1.5–2 µm.
Ecology
White rot on dead hardwoods, less common on conifers.
Phenology
Summer and fall; July to November for Chicago area. Old fruitbodies can be found in the spring, often with margins peeling away from the wood.
Biogeography
North America, Cuba, in French and British Guiana, Ecuador, Canary Islands (Spain), Tahiti, New Zealand, and reported from Japan. Note that old historic collections must be physically verified; two-thirds of the Field Museum collections labeled as such are obviously not this genus.
Chicago Region status
Uncommon. Nine or more collections known for Chicago. The historic collections for Chicago area were misidentified apparently due to incorrect species concepts.
The nearest historic collections identified as P. spissa are from Geneseo, Henry County, in western Illinois, collected by E. T. Harper, August 1915, and then split among several herbaria (BPI, MICH, TENN, UC); but these are likely misidentified. There is a 1954 collection from Lee County. The species Poria spissa is incorrectly described in Moffatt (1909, p. 122, as perennial!), giving three Chicago area locations, but the Field Museum herbarium specimens are a perennial, resupinate Phellinus s.l.
The actual historic collection of C. spissa by E. T. Harper, River Forest, 1908, was misidentified as Poria rufa (= Poria taxicola); this collection was split among several herbaria: Mich, NY, TENN, UC.
Specimens examined
The Morton Arboretum herbarium has a collection from their east woods made by Arboretum naturalist Richard Wason in November 1988. We found it recently on a foray in northern Cook County, October 2014. I looked through our unknowns and found one more collection, August 2000, for southern Cook County. Then it was found again in July 2015 in northern Cook County. IMA forays found it in DuPage county in 2017 and several places in 2018.

Taxon Details and Links

Nomenclature
  • Ceriporia spissa (Schwein. ex Fr.) Rajchenb., Mycotaxon 17: 276 (1983)
  • ≡ Basionym & Sanctioned: Polyporus spissus Schwein. ex Fr., Elenchus Fungorum 1: 111 (1828)
  • Poria spissa (Schwein. ex Fr.) Cooke, Grevillea 14 (72): 110 (1886)
  • Boletus juglandinus Schwein., Schriften der Berlinische Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde 1: 99 (1822)
  • = Poria crocipora (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc., Sylloge Fungorum 6: 300 (1888)
Type
USA, North Carolina, Juglans trunk (walnut). Lectotype: USA, Massachusetts
Taxonomy
Apparently the name by Fries is based on the earlier Schweinitz name since the type specimen was from a Juglans trunk. This species was also transferred to Mucronoporus (1889), Physisporinus (1942), Meruliopsis (1968), Caloporus (1973), Ceriporia (1985), and Gloeoporus (2006). See links below for other synonyms. See the Rajchenberg link below for a discussion of its resemblance to Meruliopsis taxicola (Caloporus), a merulioid species that has a continuous hymenium over the folds.
Rajchenberg, M. 1983. Cultural studies of resupinate polypores. Mycotaxon 17: 276 (1983). Libri Fungorum page image
Wisconsin Mushrooms
Les champignons du Québec
Photos, University of California, Berkeley
Mykoweb California
iNaturalist
Mushroom Observer
MyCoPortal
MycoBank
Index Fungorum and Species Fungorum

Cite this page as: Leacock, P.R. (2018 Jul 04). Ceriporia spissa - MycoGuide. Retrieved from http://www.mycoguide.com/guide/fungi/basi/agar/poly/irpi/ceri/spissa

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