lsues-urnula

Phylum Ascomycota Cavalier-Smith

Biological Reviews Cambridge 73: 247 (1998)

This Phylum, or Division, is also known as the ascomycetes (it was once a Class). This group includes the morels, false morels, cup fungi, various flask fungi, most lichens, yeasts, molds, and others. All of these sac fungi have their sexual spores produced inside of a sac-shaped cell, the ascus. The phylum contains 3 subphyla and 16 classes. Classification follows Lumbsch and Huhndorf (2010).

  1. Taphrinomycotina (4 classes)
    • Neolectomycetes (1 order)
    • Pneumocystidomycetes (1 order)
    • Schizosaccharomycetes (1 order)
    • Taphrinomycetes (1 order)
  2. Saccharomycotina (1 class)
    • Saccharomycetes (1 order)
  3. Pezizomycotina (11 classes)
    • Arthoniomycetes (1 order)
    • Dothideomycetes (11 orders)
    • Eurotiomycetes (7 orders)
    • Geoglossomycetes (1 order)
    • Laboulbeniomycetes (2 orders)
    • Lecanoromycetes (10 orders)
    • Leotiomycetes (5 orders)
    • Lichinomycetes (1 order)
    • Orbiliomycetes (1 order)
    • Pezizomycetes (1 order)
    • Sordariomycetes (18 orders)
    • Uncertain placement (3 orders and 1 family)
  4. Uncertain placement (many families and genera)
Taxonomy:
Index Fungorum has this Editorial comment:
as ‘Berkeley 1857 stat. nov.’. See Whittaker (as 'Ascomycetes'), Q. Rev. Biol. 34: 220 (1959), nom. nud.; see also Science 163: 155, 1969, as 'Ascomycota' with ref. to Bold, Morphology of Plants (Harper, New York) 1957, as division; and Barr, Mycologia 75: 9, 1983
Related links:
Lumbsch, H.T. & S.H. Huhndorf. 2010. Myconet Volume 14. Part One. Outline of Ascomycota—2009. Part Two. Notes on Ascomycete Systematics. Nos. 4751–5113. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences Number 1:1-64. PDF 1.13 MB
Out of date: Tree of Life page for Ascomycota.
Taxon links:
90031 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum