sab705_cantharellus_clamps

Phylum Basidiomycota Whittaker ex Moore

Botanica Marina 23 (6): 371 (1980)

This Phylum, or Division, is also known as the basidiomycetes (previously at the level of Class). This group includes most of the mushrooms and jelly fungi, as well as the plant parasites known as rusts and smuts. All of these club fungi have their sexual spores produced on the outside of a club-shaped cell, the basidium. Another character of this group, the clamp connection, found at septa, seems to assist with nuclear division of the dikaryon (bi-nucleate cells). There are three Subphyla (Subdivisions).

  1. Agaricomycotina (4 classes, 28 orders)
    • Agaricomycetes
    • Dacrymycetes
    • Tremellomycetes
    • Wallemiomycetes (tentative placement of Wallemia)
  2. Pucciniomycotina (9 classes, 20 orders, 37 families)
    • Agaricostilbomycetes
    • Atractiellomycetes
    • Classiculomycetes
    • Cryptomycocolacomycetes
    • Cystobasidiomycetes
    • Microbotryomycetes
    • Mixiomycetes
    • Pucciniomycetes
    • Tritirachiomycetes
  3. Ustilaginomycotina (2 classes, 10 orders, 27 families)
    • Exobasidiomycetes
    • Ustilaginomycetes
  4. Unknown placement: Entorrhiza (Entorrhizomycetes)
Taxonomy:
Two groups of jelly fungi are now found in the Agaricomycetes: the ground-dwelling and ectomycorrhizal Sebacina and Tremellodendron have been moved to the Sebacinales; Auricularia, Exidia and relatives are now in Auriculariales.
This publication seems a humble beginning for Kingdom Fungi and this phylum: Moore, R.T. 1980. Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts. Botanica Marina. 23(6): 361-373.
Index Fungorum has this Editorial comment:
See Whittaker (as 'Basidiomycetes', Q. Rev. Biol. 34: 220 (1959), nom. nud.; see also Science 163: 155, 1969, with ref. to Bold, Morphology of Plants (Harper, New York) 1957, as division. Lat. diagn. given by Moore, Botanica Marina 23: 371, 1980 (T.: not designated). Cited by Cavalier-Smith, Biol. Rev. 73: 248, 1998 as β€˜de Bary 1866 em. auct. stat. nov. Moore 1980’]
Related links:
Matheny, P. B. et al. 2007. Contributions of rpb2 and tef1 to the phylogeny of mushrooms and allies (Basidiomycota, Fungi). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 430–451. [PDF at Matheny Lab Publications.]
McLaughlin, D. J. and J. W. Spatafora, Eds. 2014. Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. Springer Verlag. [complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2007) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
90050 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

Subphylum Agaricomycotina Doweld (2001)

Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2007) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
501465 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

Subphylum Pucciniomycotina R. Bauer, Begerow, J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & Oberw. (2006)

Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2008) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
501469 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

Subphylum Ustilaginomycotina Doweld (2001)

Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2008) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
90778 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum